Madina was Muhammad’s destination after his Hijrah from Macca, and became the capital of a rapidly increasing Muslim Empire, first under Muhammad’s leadership, and then under the first four Rashidun caliphs, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. It served as the power base of Islam in its first century where the early Muslim community developed.
Madina is home to the three oldest mosques, namely the Quba Mosque, al-Masjid an-Nabawi, and Masjid al-Qiblatayn. Muslims believe that the chronologically final surahs of the Quran were revealed to Muhammad in Madina
To visit Madina is not a Hajj or Umrah rite, but the unique merits of the Prophet’s city, his Mosque and his sacred tomb attract every pilgrim to visit it. There is no Ihram nor talbiyah for the visit to Madinah or the Prophet’s Mosque.
On the way from Jeddah to Makkah along the ultra-modern superhighway, pilgrims members one of the fleet of many buses assigned to the Hajj.
Before heading toward Makkah for hajj and umrah, the pilgrims are already dressed in Ihram or may change at Miqat, where special facilities are set up for this purpose. By donning the Ihram, the pilgrim enters a state of spirituality and purity.
On the way from Jeddah to Makkah along the ultra-modern superhighway, pilgrims members one of the fleet of many buses assigned to the Hajj. This vast concourse of vehicles approaches Mina, some four miles to the northwest of Makkah
where most of the pilgrims are housed in the thousands of air-conditioned tents that stretch to the limits of Mina Valley.
Any Muslim can perform Hajj Umrah in Makkah and Madina in their life span. The Umrah is a pilgrimage to Mecca which is performed by Muslims that can be undertaken at any time of the year in life, in contrast to the Hajj. Umrah means to visit a populated place and also it means to perform Tawaf round the Kaaba.
It is sometimes said the small pilgrimage and the Hajj being the higher pilgrimage and which is compulsory for every rich Muslim who can afford it. But the Umrah is less compulsory but highly recommended. There are two types of Hajj and Umrah, they depend on whether one wishes to combine the Umrah with Hajj: al-Umrat al mufradah and Umrat al-tammatu.
First one refers to Umrah that is performed not depended of Hajj. The second one refers to Umrah that is also performed in conjunction with Hajj. Nevertheless, the rituals of the Umrah are performed first and then the Hajj rituals are performed later.